Literature Meme: (1/3) Genres
↳ Crime Fiction
Crime fiction is the literary genre that fictionalises crimes, their detection, criminals and their motives. It is usually distinguished from mainstream fiction and other genres such as science fiction or historical fiction, but boundaries can be, and indeed are, blurred. It has several sub-genres, including detective fiction (such as the whodunit), legal thriller, courtroom drama and hard-boiled fiction.
While the archetype for a murder mystery dates back to “The Three Apples” in the One Thousand and One Nights, crime fiction began to be considered as a serious genre only around 1900. The earliest known crime novel is “The Rector of Veilbye” by the Danish author Steen Steensen Blicher, published in 1829. Better known are the earlier dark works of Edgar Allan Poe. Wilkie Collins’ epistolary novel The Woman in White was published in 1860, while The Moonstone (1868) is often thought to be his masterpiece. (x)